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Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

Also referred to as coronary artery bypass surgery, CABG is a surgery performed to alleviate angina (chest pain due to lack of blood to the heart muscle) and reduce the risk of death from coronary artery disease (CAD).
The following content matched the glossary term: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2012

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Exclusive coverage of late-breaking data from the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, November 3-7, 2012 in Los Angeles, California are featured in this issue of OnsiteInsight®.

OnsiteInsight November 2012

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The latest diabetes literature exploring diabetes guidelines, diabetes treatment, diabetes management, and diabetes prevention with commentary from diabetes experts.

ORIGIN: Insulin Glargine and CVD and Other Outcomes in Dysglycemia

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Exclusive! Expert commentary from Silvio E. Inzucchi, MD, on the ORIGIN glargine trial. ORIGIN Trial Investigators, Gerstein HC, Bosch J, et al. ORIGIN: Insulin Glargine and CVD and Other Outcomes in Dysglycemia. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(4):319-328. The Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention (ORIGIN) trial is a randomized, double-blind trial with a 2X2 factorial design that enrolled 12,537 patients who were at high risk for CV events and who had IFG, IGT, or newly diagnosed diabetes

ORIGIN: Omega-3 Fatty Acid and CVD Outcomes in Patients with Dysglycemia

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Exclusive! Video commentary from Vivian A. Fonseca, MD. ORIGIN Trial Investigators, Bosch J, Gerstein HC, et al. ORIGIN: Omega-3 Fatty Acid and CVD Outcomes in Patients with Dysglycemia. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(4):309-318. The Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention (ORIGIN) trial is a randomized, double-blind trial with a 2X2 factorial design that enrolled 12,537 patients who were at high risk for CV events and who had IFG, IGT, or newly diagnosed diabetes.

A Randomized Trial of Therapies for Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease

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The BARI 2D Study Group. A Randomized Trial of Therapies for Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jun 7. [Epub ahead of print]. BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment for patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and stable ischemic heart disease has not been established.

Diabetes does not influence treatment decisions regarding revascularization in patients with stable coronary artery disease

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Breeman A, Bertrand ME, Ottervanger JP, et al. Diabetes does not influence treatment decisions regarding revascularization in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:2003-2011. Objective: To evaluate whether in stable angina preference for coronary revascularization by either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is influenced by diabetes status and whether this has prognostic implications.

Influence of Type 2 Diabetes on Functional and Structural Properties of Coronary Artery Bypass Conduits

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Lorusso R, Pentiricci S, Raddino R, et al. Influence of Type 2 Diabetes on Functional and Structural Properties of Coronary Artery Bypass Conduits. Diabetes. 2003;52:2814-2820. Recent studies have reported a high incidence of postoperative unfavorable cardiac-related events in patients with diabetes who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Structural and functional characteristics of CABG conduits, which have been shown to play an important role in patient outcome after myocardial revascularization, have not been fully investigated in diabetic subjects.

Preoperative Triglycerides Predict Post-coronary Artery Bypass Graft Survival in Diabetic Patients: A Sex Analysis

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Sprecher DL, Pearce GL, Park EM, et al. Preoperative Triglycerides Predict Post-coronary Artery Bypass Graft Survival in Diabetic Patients: A Sex Analysis. Diabetes Care. 2000;23:1648-1653. Hypertriglyceridemia is commonly observed in association with diabetes. Despite cross-sectional studies and isolated longitudinal analyses in patients without coronary artery disease, the suggestion that triglyceride levels are relevant to subsequent cardiovascular events in the setting of diabetes remains controversial.

CABG vs PTCA for Persons With Diabetes

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Detre KM, Lombardero MS, Brooks MM, et al. The effect of previous coronary-artery bypass surgery on the prognosis of patients with diabetes who have acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:989-997. Acute myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes is associated with high mortality.



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Elective Coronary Revascularization in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
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