Influence of LDL Subfraction Profile and LDL Oxidation on Endothelium-Dependent and Independent Vasodilation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract
Recent studies have suggested that hypercholesterolemia is associated with endothelial dysfunction. In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia is mainly characterized by hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein, and a preponderance of small dense low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. We have examined the relationships among LDL subfractions, the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation in vitro, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes mellitus. LDL subfractions were measured by density gradient ultracentrifugation. The susceptibility of LDL to oxidation was determined by measuring the kinetics of conjugated dienes formation during copper-mediated oxidation of LDL. Endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilation of the brachial artery were assessed by high resolution vascular ultrasound. Diabetic patients had a higher concentration of small dense LDL-III than matched controls (P < 0.01). The lag phase of conjugated dienes formation was shorter in the diabetic patients (P < 0.05), and the rate of LDL oxidation was faster (P < 0.05). Both endothelium-dependent (P < 0.01) and independent dilation of the brachial artery (P < 0.01) were impaired in the diabetic patients. On multivariate analysis, the rate of oxidation and LDL-III concentration accounted for 12% and 6%, respectively, of the variation in endothelium-dependent vasodilation (adjusted r2 = 0.18; P < 0.05), whereas LDL-III concentration and the maximum amount of conjugated dienes formed accounted for 27% and 5%, respectively, of the variation in endothelium-independent vasodilation (adjusted r2 = 0.32; P < 0.01) in the diabetic patients. In conclusion, endothelial and smooth muscle cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes were related to abnormalities in LDL subfractions and in LDL oxidation. 


Tan KCB, Ai VHG, Chow WS, Chau MT, Leong L, Lam KSL. Influence of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Subfraction Profile and LDL Oxidation on Endothelium-Dependent and Independent Vasodilation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. J Clin Endocrin Metab. 1999;84:3212-3216. 

Last Modified: 2/4/2013