Native American

Health benefits of gastric bypass surgery after 6 years

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Adams TD, Davidson LE, Litwin SE, et al. Health benefits of gastric bypass surgery after 6 years. JAMA. 2012;308(11):1122-1131. This prospective study by Adams and colleagues explored the weight loss and cardiometabolic benefits of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) among severely obese patients over 6 years of follow-up.

Effects of intensive blood-pressure control in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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ACCORD Study Group, Cushman WC, Evans GW, Byington RP, et al. Effects of intensive blood pressure control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(17):1575-1585. The blood-pressure (BP) arm of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study evaluated the effects of intensive BP-control on cardiovascular disease (CVD) events among high-risk subjects with type 2 diabetes.

JUPITER Analysis: Do Statin Benefits Outweigh Diabetes Risk?

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Exclusive! Expert commentary from Peter Libby, MD, on this analysis of the JUPITER trial. Ridker PM, Pradhan A, MacFadyen JG, Libby P, Glynn RJ. Cardiovascular benefits and diabetes risks of statin therapy in primary prevention: an analysis from the JUPITER trial. Lancet. 2012;380(9841):565-571.

NHANES: Obesity Prevalence and BMI Trends Among US Adults, 2009-2010

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Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Ogden CL. Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. JAMA. 2012;307(5):491-497. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a nationally representative sample of US civilian noninstituationalized population. The survey has run continuously since 1999, with data released in 2-year cycles.

Correlates of age onset of type 2 diabetes among relatively young black and white adults in a community: the Bogalusa Heart Study

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Nguyen QM, Xu JH, Chen W, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. Correlates of age onset of type 2 diabetes among relatively young black and white adults in a community the Bogalusa Heart Study. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(6):1341-1346. OBJECTIVE: The risk factors for middle-age onset of type 2 diabetes are well known. However, information is scant regarding the age onset of type 2 diabetes and its correlates in community-based black and white relatively young adults.

Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathy

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Yau JWY, Rogers SL, Kawasaki R, et al; on behalf of the Meta-Analysis for Eye Disease (META-EYE) Study Group. Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care. 2012 Epub ahead of print. Yau and colleagues performed a pooled analysis using individual subject data from 35 studies conducted worldwide to assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and sight-threatening conditions.

Patients' education, and its impact on care outcomes, resource consumption and working conditions: Data from the IDMPS

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Gagliardino JJ, Aschner P, Baik SH, Chan J, Chantelot JM, Ilkova H, Ramachandran A; IDMPS investigators. Patients' education, and its impact on care outcomes, resource consumption and working conditions: Data from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS). Diabetes Metab. 2011 Oct 21. [Epub ahead of print]. To evaluate the impact of diabetes education provided to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in non-controlled studies ("real-world conditions") on quality of care, resource consumption and conditions of employment.

Utility of hemoglobin a1c for diagnosing prediabetes and diabetes in obese children and adolescents

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Nowicka P, Santoro N, Liu H, Lartaud D, Shaw MM, Goldberg R, Guandalini C, Savoye M, Rose P, Caprio S. Utility of hemoglobin a1c for diagnosing prediabetes and diabetes in obese children and adolescents. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(6):1306-11. Hemoglobin A(1c) (A1C) has emerged as a recommended diagnostic tool for identifying diabetes and subjects at risk for the disease. This recommendation is based on data in adults showing the relationship between A1C with future development of diabetes and microvascular complications. However, studies in the pediatric population are lacking.

National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies

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Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan MJ, Danaei G, Lin JK, Paciorek CJ, Singh GM, Gutierrez HR, Lu Y, Bahalim AN, Farzadfar F, Riley LM, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (Body Mass Index). National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies
Lancet. 2011;377(9765):557-567. This Excess bodyweight is a major public health concern. However, few worldwide comparative analyses of long-term trends of body-mass index (BMI) have been done, and none have used recent national health examination surveys.

Increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and risk biomarkers in patients with unknown type 2 diabetes visiting cardiology specialists

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Schondorf T, Lubben G, Karagiannis E, Erdmann E, Forst T, Pfutzner A. Increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and risk biomarkers in patients with unknown type 2 diabetes visiting cardiology specialists: results from the DIASPORA study. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2010;7(2):145-150. Patients with diabetes mellitus and IGT have a high risk for cardiovascular events. It is tempting to speculate that these patients are often first seen by cardiologists.

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