Women

Association of weight status with mortality in adults with incident diabetes

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Carnethon MR, De Chavez PJ, Biggs ML, et al. Association of weight status with mortality in adults with incident diabetes. JAMA. 2012;308(6):581-590. Carnethon and colleagues analyzed data from five clinical trials to compare mortality rates among subjects who were normal weight with subjects who were overweight/obese at the time of incident adult-onset diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in women

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Norhammar A, Schenck-Gustafsson K. Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in women. Diabetologia. 2012 Sep 4.Epub ahead of print. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women. This is also true for patients with diabetes. In general, differences between the sexes are present in several areas, such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, treatment response and prognosis, as well as the way in which disease is experienced and expressed.

Association between dietary meat consumption and incident type 2 diabetes: the EPIC-InterAct study

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The InterAct Consortium. Association between dietary meat consumption and incident type 2 diabetes: the EPIC-InterAct study. Diabetologia. 2012 Sep 16. Epub ahead of print. The present study aims to investigate the association between meat consumption and incident type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-InterAct study.

Dysfunctional adiposity and the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in obese adults

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Neeland IJ, Turer AT, Ayers CR, Powell Wiley TM, Vega GL, Farzaneh Far R, Grundy SM, Khera A, McGuire DK, de Lemos JA. Dysfunctional adiposity and the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in obese adults. JAMA. 2012;308(11):1150-1159. The risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus is heterogeneous among obese individuals. Factors that discriminate prediabetes or diabetes risk within this population have not been well characterized.

Impaired fasting glucose and risk of cardiovascular disease in Korean men and women: The Korean Heart Study.

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Kim HK, Kim CH, Kim EH, Bae SJ, Choe J, Park JY, Park SW, Yun YD, Baek SJ, Mok Y, Jee SH. Impaired fasting glucose and risk of cardiovascular disease in Korean men and women The Korean Heart Study. Diabetes Care. 2012 Sep 21. Epub ahead of print. The relationship between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or ischemic heart disease (IHD) varies widely according to sex and ethnicity. We evaluated the relationship between IFG and CVD or IHD among Korean men and women.

Bariatric surgery and prevention of type 2 diabetes in Swedish obese subjects.

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Carlsson LM, Peltonen M, Ahlin S, et al. Bariatric surgery and prevention of type 2 diabetes in Swedish obese subjects. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:695-704. The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared the long-term effects of bariatric surgery with the effects of usual care for type 2 diabetes prevention among 3,429 subjects with obesity.

Effects of gastric bypass surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and only mild obesity

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Cohen RV, Pinheiro JC, Schiavon CA, Salles JE, Wajchenberg BL, Cummings DE. Effects of gastric bypass surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and only mild obesity. Diabetes Care. 2012;35:1420-1428. The authors of the current prospective study sought to examine the potential benefits of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) among those with BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2 (class I obesity) and type 2 diabetes.

Western-style fast food intake and cardiometabolic risk in an eastern country

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Odegaard AO, Koh WP, Yuan JM, Gross MD, Pereira MA. Western style fast food intake and cardiometabolic risk in an eastern country. Circulation. 2012;126(2):182-188. BACKGROUND: Western-style fast food contributes to a dietary pattern portending poor cardiometabolic health in the United States. Western-style fast food contributes to a dietary pattern portending poor cardiometabolic health in the United States. With globalization, this way of eating is becoming more common in developing and recently developed populations.

Waist-to-Height Ratio and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Elderly Individuals at High Cardiovascular Risk

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Guasch-Ferré M, Bulló M, Martínez-González MÁ, Corella D, Estruch R, Covas MI, Arós F, Wärnberg J, Fiol M, Lapetra J, Muñoz MÁ, Serra-Majem L, Pintó X, Babio N, Díaz-López A, Salas-Salvadó J. Waist-to-Height Ratio and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Elderly Individuals at High Cardiovascular Risk. PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e43275. Several anthropometric measurements have been associated with cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes mellitus and other cardiovascular risk conditions, such as hypertension or metabolic syndrome.

JUPITER: Rosuvastatin to Prevent Vascular Events in Men and Women with Elevated C-reactive Protein

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Ridker PM, Danielson E, Fonseca FA, et al; for the JUPITER Study Group. Rosuvastatin to prevent vascular events in men and women with elevated C-reactive protein. N Engl J Med. 2008;359(21):2195-2207. The Justification for Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial which sought to examine whether rosuvastatin treatment compared with placebo would decrease the rate of first cardiovascular (CV) events.

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