The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor alogliptin w/ pioglitazone improves glycemic control, lipid profiles, & increases pancreatic insulin content in mice

The combination of two agents with different but complementary mechanisms of action is a logical approach for treating patients with type 2 diabetes. Thus, we evaluated chronic combination therapy with alogliptin, a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor that enhances the action of incretins, and pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione that improves peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity. Studies were designed to investigate the chronic metabolic and pancreatic effects of alogliptin (0.03%) plus pioglitazone (0.003%) combination treatment in obese ob/ob mice. After 4-5 weeks of treatment, alogliptin significantly increased plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 levels up to 4.1-fold and decreased plasma glucagon up to 25%, whereas pioglitazone significantly increased plasma adiponectin up to 1.3-fold. Combination treatment exhibited a complementary effect, increasing plasma insulin levels by 3.2-fold (alogliptin alone, 1.6-fold; pioglitazone alone, 1.5-fold) and decreasing glycosylated hemoglobin by 2.3% (alogliptin alone, 1.0%; pioglitazone alone, 1.5%), and non-fasting and fasting plasma glucose by 37% and 62% (alogliptin alone, 17% and 24%; pioglitazone alone, 30% and 45%), respectively. Combination treatment also decreased plasma triglycerides by 67% and non-esterified fatty acids by 25% (alogliptin alone, 24% and 11%; pioglitazone alone, 54% and 8%). Moreover, combination treatment increased pancreatic insulin content by 2.2-fold (alogliptin alone, 1.3-fold; pioglitazone alone, 1.6-fold), with no significant changes in body weight. These results indicate that combination treatment with alogliptin and pioglitazone improved glycemic control, lipid profiles and increased pancreatic insulin content in ob/ob mice by preventing incretin inactivation and improving insulin resistance. These results provide a strong argument for using alogliptin in combination with pioglitazone. 

PMID: 19038243 [PubMed - in process] 



Moritoh Y, Takeuchi K, Asakawa T, Kataoka O, Odaka H. The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor alogliptin in combination with pioglitazone improves glycemic control, lipid profiles, and increases pancreatic insulin content in ob/ob mice. Eur J Pharmacol. 2009;602(2-3):448-454. 

Last Modified: 2/26/2013