The Munich Myocardial Infarction Registry: impact of C-reactive protein and kidney function on hospital mortality in diabetic patients

Schnell O, Braun KF, Müller M, Standl E, Otter W. 
Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2010;7(3)225-230.  

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse hospital mortality with regards to the presence of diabetes, elevation of C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and impaired kidney function (IKF) on admission. 

METHODS: All patients in the Munich Myocardial Infarction Registry (1999-2004, n = 2,015) were assessed. In both the diabetic (n = 770, 38%) and non-diabetic (n = 1,245, 61.2%) groups, CRP and kidney function on admission were analysed with regards to hospital outcome. 

RESULTS: In diabetic patients, both a CRP level >7 mg/L and a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 ml/min were independent risk factors for mortality (odds ratio [OR] 3.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8-6.9 and OR 4.4, 95% CI 2.4-8.3, respectively). In non-diabetic patients with CRP levels equal or below the median and absence of IKF, hospital mortality was 0.7% whereas the presence of the triad of diabetes, CRP levels above the median and IKF increased hospital mortality to 23.5%. 

CONCLUSION: The registry demonstrates that the presence of the triad of diabetes, elevated CRP levels and reduced GFR on admission is associated with an excessive hospital mortality. Optimised early interventions are to be initiated to potentially overcome the unfavourable prognosis. 

 

Last Modified: 3/1/2013