Pioglitazone decreases postprandial accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in insulin-resistant smokers

Abbasi F, Lamendola C, Leary ET, Reaven GM. 
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2009;11(8):779-785. 

BACKGROUND: Fasting hypertriglyceridaemia has been reported to occur commonly in cigarette smokers and is thought to increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in these individuals. More recently, it has been suggested that an increase in non-fasting triglycerides, rather than fasting hypertriglyceridaemia, is an independent CVD risk factor. METHODS: In this study, we divided 24 smokers into insulin-resistant (IR) and insulin-sensitive (IS) groups by determining their steady-state plasma glucose concentrations during the insulin suppression test and compared fasting and daylong postprandial accumulation of total triglycerides and remnant lipoprotein (RLP) concentrations, before and after 3 months of pioglitazone (PIO) administration. RESULTS: The two groups were similar in age, body mass index, race and gender distribution, but differed dramatically in insulin sensitivity. Baseline fasting and postprandial triglyceride, RLP cholesterol and RLP triglyceride concentrations were significantly higher in the IR smokers (P=0.01 to <0.01). Insulin sensitivity and both fasting and postprandial triglyceride and RLP triglyceride levels decreased significantly (P=0.05 to <0.01) in PIO-treated IR smokers, without any significant increase in weight. In contrast, there were no significant changes in either insulin sensitivity or fasting and postprandial triglyceride, RLP cholesterol and RLP triglyceride levels in PIO-treated IS smokers. CONCLUSIONS: The postprandial accumulation of RLP particles is increased in the IR subset of smokers and is likely to contribute to the increased CVD risk in these individuals. Furthermore, PIO administration provides a possible therapeutic approach to decreasing postprandial lipaemia and CVD risk in IR smokers who are unwilling or unable to stop smoking. 

PMID: 19476476 [PubMed - in process] 

 

 

Last Modified: 2/13/2013